The agreement also calls for transport links through Armenia, which connects Azerbaijan to its western enclave of Nakhchivan, surrounded by Armenia, Iran and Turkey. Following the signing of the agreement and the sending of Russian peacekeeping forces, a memorandum was signed by the Russian and Turkish defence ministers regarding the creation of a joint Russian-Turkish observatory in Azerbaijan.  Russia insisted, however, that Turkey`s participation would be limited to operating on Azerbaijani soil from the Observatory and that Turkish peacekeeping forces would not go to Nagorno-Karabakh.   The agreement ("The statement of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia and President of the Russian Federation") states that Turkish peacekeeping forces are also deployed as part of the agreement, although no details have been disclosed. Armenia, Azerbaijan and Russia have signed an agreement to end the military conflict over the controversial Nagorno-Karabakh enclave. The agreement, which means Armenia accepts Azerbaijan`s gains in the region, sparked protests in Armenia calling for Prime Minister Pachinjan`s resignation and accusing him of "treason." Russia is a long-standing Armenian ally, prompting many Armenians to view Moscow`s ceasefire agreement as a new betrayal. On Monday, Russia negotiated a ceasefire agreement that ensured territorial progress for Azerbaijan in the ethno-Armenian region of Nagorno-Karabakh. But some analysts say Azerbaijan, Turkey and Russia are all benefiting from the agreement, while protests have emerged in Armenia, which accuse Prime Minister Nikol Pachinjan of betraying the national interest. Turkey probably helped convince Azerbaijan to accept the agreement. Although Turkey is not mentioned in the trilateral agreement between the two belligerents and Russia, it is a major beneficiary.
It is expected to have access to a transport corridor through Armenian territory, from the Azerbaijani enclave of Nakhchivan, bordering Turkey, to the main part of Azerbaijan and the Caspian Sea, linking Turkey to Central Asia and the China Belt and Road Initiative. Armenian opposition parties have called on the government to revoke the agreement. And the country`s president, Armen Sarkissian, distanced himself from the agreement, saying he learned about the negotiations through the media and called for "political consultations" to get out of the crisis. President Aliyev said the agreement was of "historical importance" and that it was a "capitulation" of Armenia. The President of Azerbaijan, Ilham Aliyev, responded to the agreement by saying: "This declaration represents the capitulation of Armenia. This declaration ends years of occupation.  Major celebrations erupted throughout Azerbaijan, including in Baku, the capital, when news of the agreement was announced.  The agreement confirmed the influence of Russia and Turkey in the region, while it put Western powers on the brink of rebound.