Does the Cotonou agreement adequately reflect the shift from modalities dominated by humanitarian organizations to partnerships for both parties? Can it be associated with the new 2030 agenda, which aims to break with traditional North-South agreements? Has the current agreement achieved what it has set for itself? Would separate partnerships between the EU and the three ACP regions be more effective, given that Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific have changed so much as regions and are geographically diverse and distant from each other? These are essential questions, and yet they have been missed and answered for a long time. The EU has negotiated a series of Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) with the 79 ACP countries. These agreements aim to create a common trade and development partnership, supported by development aid. The ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly is an advisory body made up equally of representatives from the EU and ACP countries. The Assembly promotes democratic processes and facilitates a better understanding between the peoples of the EU and those of the ACP countries. Issues related to development and the ACP-EU partnership, including economic partnership agreements, will also be discussed. In order to adapt to new challenges, the agreement was revised in 2005 and 2010 to focus more on the following themes: "We are in the final phase of negotiations," a European Commission spokeswoman told the DW. More than 95% of the treaty text agrees. However, the Commission refused to provide specific information or conduct an interview. The Cotonou agreement introduces the idea of performance-based partnerships and forgoes "aid rights" such as fixed endowments, regardless of delivery.
In June 2018, we detailed our ambitions for this new ACP-EU partnership in the EU negotiating guidelines for the official opening of negotiations in New York in September 2018. Here`s a look at what we`re looking for: the Cotonou agreement defines a procedure that can be used in cases where one of the parties does not respect the essential elements of the partnership. These include respect for human rights, democratic principles and the rule of law. Two years after negotiations on a new partnership between the EU and the countries of Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific, the process is still stalled. Africa has criticized cooperation in the past. They`re leaving. After several months of interruption due to the COVID 19 pandemic, the 28-member European Union and the 79-member Organization of African, Caribbean and Pacific States (OACPS) resumed negotiations for a new agreement in June. The aim of this procedure is to return to a normal relationship between the partners. In the absence of an agreement, the party that initiated the process can take action on cooperation projects and development assistance. Relations between Africa and the EU and post-Cotonou: African collective action or fragmentation of partnerships? Alfonso Medinilla and Jean Bossuyt, ECDPM brief, March 2019 The implementation of the Cotonou agreement has been extended until December 2020. The agreement was originally due to expire in February 2020, but as negotiations on the future agreement are still ongoing, this has been delayed until the end of the year.
The following section presents ECDPM`s work on complementary, competing or alternative structures. The publications discuss the relationship between the strategic partnerships between the different ACP geographical regions and the EU, including the Joint Africa-EU Strategy, the Joint Caribbean-EU Strategy and the EC Communication on the Pacific-EU Partnership.